KANSAS | 2014 | U.S. Senate

LOCAL Statistician Detects a Pattern CONSISTENT WITH ELECTRONIC Vote Flipping

Voting machine manipulation is, in my opinion, the most likely explanation for these patterns.
— Beth Clarkson, Wichita State University


  • Suspicious Results: A surprising 10.5-point victory in a very tight race where polls had been trending in the opposite direction.
  • No Accountability: Voting machines in use were riggable touchscreens that are insufficiently audited if at all.
  • Statistical Evidence: Local statistician Beth Clarkson detected a pattern consistent with electronic vote flipping.
  • Election Defense: Clarkson has volunteered to audit the voting machine results, but officials refuse to release the paper record. She has sued.
  • Partisan Administration: Kansas election head Kris Kobach has a history of voter suppression, extremist views, and partisan conflict of interest.

Dr. Beth Clarkson explains her methodology and findings from an independent review of the 2014 Senate election in Kansas. She has volunteered to audit the voting machine record in an effort to prove her theory, but election officials have blocked her.


Polls showed Independent candidate Greg Orman trending ahead in a tight race for U.S. Senate, yet voting machines reported a surprising 10.5-point victory for his opponent, Republican incumbent Pat Roberts.



Local statistician Beth Clarkson of Wichita State University detected a pattern consistent with election rigging through the flipping of votes from Orman to Roberts.

When Clarkson put precincts in order by number of votes cast, the cumulative Republican vote share trended upward in a linear pattern. This could indicate a computer algorithm at work. Some voting machine models show this pattern, others don’t.

Beth Clarkson shows how touchscreen voting machines from two companies—Election Systems & Services, and Premier (formerly Diebold; now owned by Dominion)—produce a linear upward trend for the Republican candidate relative to precinct size. Optical ballot scanners from the same companies do not show this trend. (DRE = Direct Recording Electronic)

Currently, my county does not perform any sort of post-election verification of voting machine results, not even for recounts.
— Beth Clarkson, Wichita State University


The voting machines in Clarkson’s home county are vulnerable ES&S iVotronic touchscreens. Even when outfitted with a voter verifiable paper audit trail there’s no way to detect a fraudulent result if nobody audits the tape by hand.

Clarkson volunteered to audit the voting machines herself—something her county never does—but county and state officials have blocked access to the paper record, saying it’s too “burdensome” to release the tape.


Clarkson has sued and her case will go to trial in early 2016.

“Kansans deserve to know their votes are recorded accurately and that election results are honest,” writes Clarkson. “As it stands, the voters in Sedgwick County have no such certainty.”

The voting machine software used is proprietary and even the election officials are not allowed to inspect it.
— Beth Clarkson, Wichita State University

Partisan Election Administration

KRIS KOBACH Suppresses kansas vote

A key player in this controversy is the head election official in Kansas: Kris Kobach. In a blatant conflict of interest, Kobach served on the campaign committee for Sen. Pat Roberts during the 2014 election.

The former Kansas Republican Party chairman has also made the Sunflower State one of the toughest places to vote in America. Kobach has abused his power as election administrator to advance his party's goals by:

  • purging voters from the rolls;
  • enacting the strictest voter registration rules in the nation;
  • demanding voter ID and additional proof of citizenship; and
  • seizing prosecutorial powers for a voter fraud witch hunt.

Kobach’s partisan voter suppression efforts have disenfranchised tens of thousands of Kansas voters and new registrants, while his voter fraud witch hunt has turned up a mere handful of weak cases.

Kobach's zeal has been felt far beyond Kansas. He was also chief architect of Interstate Crosscheck, a digital dragnet of millions of names designed to purge, suppress, and intimidate voters:

Kobach also holds extremist anti-immigration views. He recently spoke at a conference organized by a white nationalist publishing house.